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Ingredient Glossary

 

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You can find these ingredients for Indian cooking in any Indian grocery store. If you have trouble finding any of these in your area, try the spice shop. You can also order these from an online grocery store.

Spices and Herbs

English Hindi Telugu Tamil Kannada
Aniseed/Fennel Saunf Sopu/Pedda Jeelakarra Sombu Saunf
Asafoetida Hing Inguva Perungayam Ingu
Arrow Root Pala Gadda Koovak Kilangu Arrow Root
Bay Leaf Tej Patta Masala Aaku Punnai Ilai Masala Elay
Basil Thulsi Thulasi Thulasi Thulasi
Black PepperCorn Kali Mirch Miriyalu Milagu Kappu Menasu
Caraway Seeds Shahjeera/Black Cumin Seeds Seemasopu Ginjalu Seemasombu Shime Jeerige
Cardamom Elaichi Elakkai Yelakkai Elakkai
Carom Seeds Ajwain Vamu Omam Omam
Chillies, Red Lal Mirch Yerra Mirapakaaya/Yendu Mirapakaaya Sigappu Lilagai Kempu Menasinakai
Chillies, Green/Hot Peppers/Cayenne Hari Mirch Mirapakaaya Milagai Menasinakai
Cinnamon Dalchini Dalchini Chakka/Lavang Patta Pattai Lavanga Patta
Cloves Laung Lavangam Lavangam Lavanga
Coriander Seeds Dhania Dhaniyalu  Vara Kothamalli Dhaniya
Cumin Seeds Jeera Jeela Karra Jeeragam Jeerige
Curry Leaves Kadhi Patta Karivepaku Karivepillai Kari Beevu
Dates Khajur Kharjura Pandu Perichampazham Kharjura
Dry Ginger Sonth Sonthi Sukku Vonagidha Shunti
Fenugreek Seeds Methi Dana Menthulu Vendhayam Menthi
Garlic Lahasun/Lasun Velliullipaaya Vellai Pundu Bellulle
Ginger Adrakh Allam Ingi Shunti
Jaggery Gud Bellamu Vellam Bella
Mace Javithri Japathri Jadhipathri Japathri
Mango Powder Aamchur Mavidi Podi Mangai Podi Mavinakaii Podi
Mustard Seeds Rai Aavalu Kadugu Saasuve
Nutmeg Jaiphal Ullithnam Jadhikkai Jaagikai
Oregano Ajwain leaves Vaamu Aaku Omam Ilai Omam
Onion Seeds/Nigella Kalonji Nalla Jeelakarra Karun Jeeragam Kari Jeerige
Parsley Ajmoda Kothimira Jati Koora Kothamalli Ilaigal Pole Achu Mooda
Poppy Seeds Khus Khus Gasagasaalu Kasakasaa Gasagase Beeja
Pomegranate Seeds Anardana Daanimma Ginjalu Maadhulai Veedai Dalmbo Beeja
Raisins Kishmish Kismish Ular Draakshai Dweepadrakshi
Saffron Kesar Kumkumapoovu Kungumappoo Kumkumadha Hoova
Sesame Seeds Til Nuvvulu Ellu Ellu
Tamarind Imli Chintapandu Puli Hanuse Hannu
Turmeric Powder Haldi Pasupu Manjal Podi Harshananda Podi

Grains, Lentils, and Legumes

English Hindi Telugu Tamil Kannada
Bengal Gram/Yellow Lentils
hulled and split/Chickpeas
Chana Dal Senaga Pappu Kadalai Paruppu Kadala Bele
Bengal Gram Flour/Chickea Flour Besan Senaga Pindi Kadalai Maavu Kadala Hittu
Black Gram/Horsebean (Whole) Urad, Sabut Minumulu Karuppu Ulundu Kappu Uddhina Bele
Black Gram (Peeled and/or split) Urad Dal (Dhuli) Minapa Pappu Ulutham Paruppu Uddhina Bele
Black Gram (Split) Urad Dal, Chilka Minapa Pappu (Thokku) Ulutham Paruppu Uddhina Bele
Black-Eye Peas Lobhia Alasandalu Vellai Karamani Alasande
Corn/Maize Makka Mokka Jonna/Jonna Cholam Mokka Chola
Corn Flour Makka kaa Aata Mokka Jonna Pindi Chola Maavu Mokka Jonna Hittu
Chick Peas/Garbanzo Beans/Ceci Beans Chole Senagalu Vellai Mulu Kadalai Bele Kadale
Green Gram (Whole) Mung Dal, Sabut Pesalu Pasi Paruppu Hottina Hesaru Bele
Green Gram/Mung Bean (Peeled, Split) Mung Dal Pesara Pappu Siru Paruppu Hesaru Bele
Kidney Beans Rajmah Anumulu Karamani Payir Alasondhi
Lentil Masoor Dal Masoor Pappu Mysore Paruppu Masoor Bele
Pearl Millet Bajra Sojjalu Kambu Sajja
Puffed Rice Murmura Maramaraalu Arasi Pori Mandakki
Ragi Ragi Ragi Kelvaragu Ragi
Red Gram Dal Tur Dal/Toor Dal Kandi Pappu Tuvaram Paruppu Thogare Bele
Sago/Tapioca Pearl Sabudana Saggu Biyyam Javvarisi Sabbakke
Sorghum Jowar Jonnalu Jolada Jolada/Jonna
Rice Chawal Biyyamu Arasi Akki
Rice Flakes/Pressed Rice Poha Atukulu Aval Avalakki
Wheat Gehun Godhumalu Godhumai Ghodee

Vegetables

English Hindi Telugu Tamil Kannada
Amaranth leaves Chauli Sag/Lal Sag/Ram Dana Thotakoora Mulai Keerai Dhantina Soppu
Ash Gourd Petha/Kashiphal Boodidha Gummadikaya Kalyana Poosanikai Bhele Kumbhalakayi
Beet Root Chukandar Beet Root Beet Root Beet Root
Broad Beans Chikkudukaya Avaraikai Hurulikai
Basil Thulsi Thulasi Thulasi Thulasi
Bitter Gourd/Bitter Melon Karela Kakarakaya Pavakai Hagarakai
Bell Pepper/Capsicum Shimla Mirch Bengaluru Mirapakaaya Kuda Milagai Dhodda Menesimakai
Bottle Gourd/Chinese Melon/Long Melon Lauki/Doodhi Sorakaaya Sorakai Sorekai
Cabbage Pattagobhi/Bandgobhi Cabbage Muttai Kosu khosu
Carrot Gajar Carrot Carrot Carrot
Cauliflower Phoolgobhi Cauliflower Cauliflower Cauliflower
Celery Celery Celery Celery Celery
Cluster Beans Gawar Phalli Goruchikkudu kaya Kothavarangai Ghorikai
Coconut Narial/Khopra Kobbari Kaaya Thengai Thenginakai
Colocasia Arvi/Arbi Chamadumpa Seppankilangu Kasavina Ghedde
Coriander/Cilantro Leaves Dhania/Hari Dhania Kothimira Aaku Kothamalli Ilai Kothambre
Corn/Maize Bhutta/Makka/Makai Mokkajonna Cholam Jolade
Jaggery Gud Bellamu Vellam Bella
Cucumber Kheera/Kakdi Dosakai Vellirikkai Sowthekai
Drumstick Sajan Ki Phali Munagakada Muringaikai Nungekai
Eggplant/Brinjal Baingan Vankaaya Kathrikai Bhadhanekai
Fenugreek Leaves Methi Menthikoora Vendhaya Ilai Menthina Soppu
French Beans/Green Beans Beans Pedda Chikkudukaaya Avaraikkai Dhoda Hurulekai
Ivy Gourd (coccinia grandis) Tindora/Tondli Dondakaya Kovakkai Kovakka
Lime Nimbu Nimmakai Yelumichampalam Nimbe Hannu
Lemon Nimbu Nimma pandu Yelumichampalam Nimbe Hannu
Lemon Cucumber Khatta Kheera Dosakaya Doskai Dosakai
Mango (green, raw) Aam, Kaccha Mamidikaaya Mangai
Mint Leaves Pudina Pudina Aaku Pudina Pudina
Mushroom Guchi/Kukurmutta Kukka Godugu Kalan Naaya Kode
Okra/Ladies Finger Bhindi/Bhendi Bendakaaya Vendaikkai Bendekai
Onion Pyaz Ullipaya/Ulligadda Vengayam Eerulli
Onion, green/Spring Onion Hara Pyaz Ullikada Vengayathal Eerullihu
Peas, green Matar Bathani Pattani Bathare
Plantain/Raw Banana Kaccha Kela Aratikaaya Bhale Valaikkai
Plantain Stem Kela Arati Thavva Valai Thandu Bhale Dhandu
Plantain Flower Kele Ka Phool Arati Poovu Valai Poo Bhale Hoova
Potato Aalu Bangala Dumpa Vurulaikkilangu Aalu Gedde
Pumpkin Kaddu Gummadikaaya Poosanikkai Kumbalakai
Radish Mooli Mullangi Mullangi Mullangi
Ridge Gourd Turaii/Tori Beerakai Peerkkangai Heerekai
Red Sorrel Leaves Ambad Bhaji/Pitwa Gongura Pulichai Keerai Hulee Soppu
Snake Gourd Chichonda Potlakaaya Pudalangai Hagalakai
Spinach Palak Palakoora Pasalaikkeerai Bacchala Soppu
Sweet Potato Shakarkand Chilakkada Dumpa Sarkari Vallikkilangu Genusena Gedde
Tapioca Yerra Pendalamu Maravallikkilangu Maragenusu
Tomato Tamater Tamata Thakkali Tomato
Turnip Shalgam Turnip Turnip Turnip
Yam/Elephant Yam Sooran Kandha Senaikilangu Churna Gedde